Reducing antagonism between behavioral diversity and fitness in semantic genetic programming
Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference 2016, , 797-804, 2016
Abstract: Maintaining population diversity has long been considered fundamental to the effectiveness of evolutionary algorithms. Recently, with the advent of novelty search, there has been an increasing interest in sustaining behavioral diversity by using both fitness and behavioral novelty as separate search objectives. However, since the novelty objective explicitly rewards diverging from other individuals, it can antagonize the original fitness objective that rewards convergence toward the solution(s). As a result, fostering behavioral diversity may prevent proper exploitation of the most interesting regions of the behavioral space, and thus adversely affect the overall search performance. In this paper, we argue that an antagonism between behavioral diversity and fitness can indeed exist in semantic genetic programming applied to symbolic regression. Minimizing error draws individuals toward the target semantics but promoting novelty, defined as a distance in the semantic space, scatters them away from it. We introduce a less conflicting novelty metric, defined as an angular distance between two program semantics with respect to the target semantics. The experimental results show that this metric, in contrast to the other considered diversity promoting objectives, allows to consistently improve the performance of genetic programming regardless of whether it employs a syntactic or a semantic search operator.
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Bongard's work focuses on understanding the general nature of cognition, regardless of whether it is found in humans, animals or robots. This unique approach focuses on the role that morphology and evolution plays in cognition. Addressing these questions has taken him into the fields of biology, psychology, engineering and computer science.
Danforth is an applied mathematician interested in modeling a variety of physical, biological, and social phenomenon. He has applied principles of chaos theory to improve weather forecasts as a member of the Mathematics and Climate Research Network, and developed a real-time remote sensor of global happiness using messages from Twitter: the Hedonometer. Danforth co-runs the Computational Story Lab with Peter Dodds, and helps run UVM's reading group on complexity.
Laurent studies the interaction of structure and dynamics. His research involves network theory, statistical physics and nonlinear dynamics along with their applications in epidemiology, ecology, biology, and sociology. Recent projects include comparing complex networks of different nature, the coevolution of human behavior and infectious diseases, understanding the role of forest shape in determining stability of tropical forests, as well as the impact of echo chambers in political discussions.
Hines' work broadly focuses on finding ways to make electric energy more reliable, more affordable, with less environmental impact. Particular topics of interest include understanding the mechanisms by which small problems in the power grid become large blackouts, identifying and mitigating the stresses caused by large amounts of electric vehicle charging, and quantifying the impact of high penetrations of wind/solar on electricity systems.
Bagrow's interests include: Complex Networks (community detection, social modeling and human dynamics, statistical phenomena, graph similarity and isomorphism), Statistical Physics (non-equilibrium methods, phase transitions, percolation, interacting particle systems, spin glasses), and Optimization(glassy techniques such as simulated/quantum annealing, (non-gradient) minimization of noisy objective functions).