Deep learning architectures for domain adaptation in HOV/HOT lane enforcement
Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2016 IEEE Winter Conference on, , 1-7, 2016
Abstract: High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) and High Occupancy Tolling (HOT) lanes have been commonly practiced in several jurisdictions to reduce traffic congestion and promote car pooling. Camera-based methods have been recently proposed for a cost-efficient, safe and effective HOV/HOT lane enforcement with the prevalence of video cameras in transportation imaging applications. An important step in automated lane enforcement systems is classification of localized window/windshield images to distinguish passenger from no-passenger vehicles to identify violators. This can be performed using deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs), which are shown to significantly outperform hand-crafted features in several classification tasks. Training/fine-tuning CNNs require a set of passenger/no-passenger images manually labeled by an operator, which requires substantial time and effort that can result in excessive operational cost and overhead. In this paper, we study adaptability of three popular CNNs (i.e., AlexNet, VGG-M, and GoogLeNet) across different domains in classifying passenger/no-passenger images as part of an automated HOV/HOT lane enforcement system. Our experiments over 40, 000 side-view vehicle images show many interesting insights for domain adaptability of these deep learning architectures.
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Bongard's work focuses on understanding the general nature of cognition, regardless of whether it is found in humans, animals or robots. This unique approach focuses on the role that morphology and evolution plays in cognition. Addressing these questions has taken him into the fields of biology, psychology, engineering and computer science.
Danforth is an applied mathematician interested in modeling a variety of physical, biological, and social phenomenon. He has applied principles of chaos theory to improve weather forecasts as a member of the Mathematics and Climate Research Network, and developed a real-time remote sensor of global happiness using messages from Twitter: the Hedonometer. Danforth co-runs the Computational Story Lab with Peter Dodds, and helps run UVM's reading group on complexity.
Laurent studies the interaction of structure and dynamics. His research involves network theory, statistical physics and nonlinear dynamics along with their applications in epidemiology, ecology, biology, and sociology. Recent projects include comparing complex networks of different nature, the coevolution of human behavior and infectious diseases, understanding the role of forest shape in determining stability of tropical forests, as well as the impact of echo chambers in political discussions.
Hines' work broadly focuses on finding ways to make electric energy more reliable, more affordable, with less environmental impact. Particular topics of interest include understanding the mechanisms by which small problems in the power grid become large blackouts, identifying and mitigating the stresses caused by large amounts of electric vehicle charging, and quantifying the impact of high penetrations of wind/solar on electricity systems.
Bagrow's interests include: Complex Networks (community detection, social modeling and human dynamics, statistical phenomena, graph similarity and isomorphism), Statistical Physics (non-equilibrium methods, phase transitions, percolation, interacting particle systems, spin glasses), and Optimization(glassy techniques such as simulated/quantum annealing, (non-gradient) minimization of noisy objective functions).