Comparison of early and late information fusion for multi-camera HOV lane enforcement
2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, , 913-918, 2015
High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes encourage carpooling and have been a common method used by transportation agencies to reduce congestion on highways. Image-based enforcement for HOV lanes is an emerging technology that uses one or more cameras mounted on overhead gantries and/or roadside poles to capture imagery inside vehicles and make computer vision based assessments of the occupancy state of the vehicle. One proposed system uses two cameras to capture images of the front seat and rear seat of vehicles traveling in HOV lanes and identifies violators by processing the captured images. In this paper, we compare combining information from the two cameras using either an early fusion approach or a late fusion approach to determine whether the vehicle is a car pool lane violator or not. The performance is compared on a set of images acquired'in-the-wild'from public roadway testing sites.
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Bongard's work focuses on understanding the general nature of cognition, regardless of whether it is found in humans, animals or robots. This unique approach focuses on the role that morphology and evolution plays in cognition. Addressing these questions has taken him into the fields of biology, psychology, engineering and computer science.
Danforth is an applied mathematician interested in modeling a variety of physical, biological, and social phenomenon. He has applied principles of chaos theory to improve weather forecasts as a member of the Mathematics and Climate Research Network, and developed a real-time remote sensor of global happiness using messages from Twitter: the Hedonometer. Danforth co-runs the Computational Story Lab with Peter Dodds, and helps run UVM's reading group on complexity.
Laurent studies the interaction of structure and dynamics. His research involves network theory, statistical physics and nonlinear dynamics along with their applications in epidemiology, ecology, biology, and sociology. Recent projects include comparing complex networks of different nature, the coevolution of human behavior and infectious diseases, understanding the role of forest shape in determining stability of tropical forests, as well as the impact of echo chambers in political discussions.
Hines' work broadly focuses on finding ways to make electric energy more reliable, more affordable, with less environmental impact. Particular topics of interest include understanding the mechanisms by which small problems in the power grid become large blackouts, identifying and mitigating the stresses caused by large amounts of electric vehicle charging, and quantifying the impact of high penetrations of wind/solar on electricity systems.
Bagrow's interests include: Complex Networks (community detection, social modeling and human dynamics, statistical phenomena, graph similarity and isomorphism), Statistical Physics (non-equilibrium methods, phase transitions, percolation, interacting particle systems, spin glasses), and Optimization(glassy techniques such as simulated/quantum annealing, (non-gradient) minimization of noisy objective functions).