Script independent word spotting in offline handwritten documents based on hidden markov models
2012 International Conference on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition (ICFHR 2012), , 14-19, 2012
Abstract: Keyword spotting aims to retrieve all instances of a given keyword from a document in any language. In this paper, we propose a novel script independent line based word spotting framework for offline handwritten documents based on Hidden Markov Models. The methodology simulates the keywords in model space as a sequence of character models and uses the filler models for better representation of background or non-keyword text. We propose a two stage spotting framework where the candidate keywords are further pruned using the character based background and lexicon based background model. The system deals with large vocabulary without the need for word or character segmentation. The system has been evaluated on many public dataset from several languages such as IAM for English, AMA for Arabic and LAW for Devanagari. The system outperforms the modern line based approach on the English, Arabic and Devanagari Datasets.
[edit database entry]
Bongard's work focuses on understanding the general nature of cognition, regardless of whether it is found in humans, animals or robots. This unique approach focuses on the role that morphology and evolution plays in cognition. Addressing these questions has taken him into the fields of biology, psychology, engineering and computer science.
Danforth is an applied mathematician interested in modeling a variety of physical, biological, and social phenomenon. He has applied principles of chaos theory to improve weather forecasts as a member of the Mathematics and Climate Research Network, and developed a real-time remote sensor of global happiness using messages from Twitter: the Hedonometer. Danforth co-runs the Computational Story Lab with Peter Dodds, and helps run UVM's reading group on complexity.
Laurent studies the interaction of structure and dynamics. His research involves network theory, statistical physics and nonlinear dynamics along with their applications in epidemiology, ecology, biology, and sociology. Recent projects include comparing complex networks of different nature, the coevolution of human behavior and infectious diseases, understanding the role of forest shape in determining stability of tropical forests, as well as the impact of echo chambers in political discussions.
Hines' work broadly focuses on finding ways to make electric energy more reliable, more affordable, with less environmental impact. Particular topics of interest include understanding the mechanisms by which small problems in the power grid become large blackouts, identifying and mitigating the stresses caused by large amounts of electric vehicle charging, and quantifying the impact of high penetrations of wind/solar on electricity systems.
Bagrow's interests include: Complex Networks (community detection, social modeling and human dynamics, statistical phenomena, graph similarity and isomorphism), Statistical Physics (non-equilibrium methods, phase transitions, percolation, interacting particle systems, spin glasses), and Optimization(glassy techniques such as simulated/quantum annealing, (non-gradient) minimization of noisy objective functions).