Incentive-based coordinated charging control of plug-in electric vehicles at the distribution-transformer level
American Control Conference (ACC), 2012, , 264-269, 2012
Abstract: Distribution utilities are becoming increasingly aware that their networks may struggle to accommodate large numbers of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs). In particular, uncoordinated overnight charging is expected to be problematic, as the corresponding aggregated power demand exceeds the capacity of most distribution substation transformers. In this paper, a dynamical model of PEVs served by a single temperature-constrained substation transformer is presented and a centralized scheduling scheme is formulated to coordinate charging of a heterogeneous PEV fleet. We employ the dual-ascent method to derive an iterative, incentive-based and non-centralized implementation of the PEV charging algorithm, which is optimal upon convergence. Then, the distributed open-loop problem is embedded in a predictive control scheme to introduce robustness against disturbances. Simulations of an overnight charging scenario illustrate the effectiveness of the so-obtained incentive-based coordinated PEV control scheme in terms of performance and enforcing the transformer's thermal constraint.
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