Abstract: Many approaches to active learning involve periodically training one classifier and choosing data points with the lowest confidence, but designing a confidence measure is nontrivial. An alternative approach is to periodically choose data instances that maximize disagreement among the label predictions across an ensemble of classifiers. Many classifiers with different underlying structures could fit this framework, but some ensembles are more suitable for some data sets than others. The question then arises as to how to find the most suitable ensemble for a given data set. In this work we introduce a method that begins with a heterogeneous ensemble composed of multiple instances of different classifier types, which we call adaptive informative sampling. The algorithm periodically adds data points to the training set, adapts the ratio of classifier types in the heterogeneous ensemble in favor of the better classifier type, and optimizes the classifiers in the ensemble using stochastic methods. Experimental results show that the proposed method performs consistently better than homogeneous ensembles. Comparison with random sampling and uncertainty sampling shows that the algorithm effectively draws informative data points for training.
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Bongard's work focuses on understanding the general nature of cognition, regardless of whether it is found in humans, animals or robots. This unique approach focuses on the role that morphology and evolution plays in cognition. Addressing these questions has taken him into the fields of biology, psychology, engineering and computer science.
Danforth is an applied mathematician interested in modeling a variety of physical, biological, and social phenomenon. He has applied principles of chaos theory to improve weather forecasts as a member of the Mathematics and Climate Research Network, and developed a real-time remote sensor of global happiness using messages from Twitter: the Hedonometer. Danforth co-runs the Computational Story Lab with Peter Dodds, and helps run UVM's reading group on complexity.
Laurent studies the interaction of structure and dynamics. His research involves network theory, statistical physics and nonlinear dynamics along with their applications in epidemiology, ecology, biology, and sociology. Recent projects include comparing complex networks of different nature, the coevolution of human behavior and infectious diseases, understanding the role of forest shape in determining stability of tropical forests, as well as the impact of echo chambers in political discussions.
Hines' work broadly focuses on finding ways to make electric energy more reliable, more affordable, with less environmental impact. Particular topics of interest include understanding the mechanisms by which small problems in the power grid become large blackouts, identifying and mitigating the stresses caused by large amounts of electric vehicle charging, and quantifying the impact of high penetrations of wind/solar on electricity systems.
Bagrow's interests include: Complex Networks (community detection, social modeling and human dynamics, statistical phenomena, graph similarity and isomorphism), Statistical Physics (non-equilibrium methods, phase transitions, percolation, interacting particle systems, spin glasses), and Optimization(glassy techniques such as simulated/quantum annealing, (non-gradient) minimization of noisy objective functions).