A Probabilistic Functional Crossover Operator for Genetic Programming
Proceedings of the 12th annual conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation, , 925-932, 2010
Abstract: The original mechanism by which evolutionary algorithms were to solve problems was to allow for the gradual discovery of sub-solutions to sub-problems, and the automated combination of these sub-solutions into larger solutions. This latter property is particularly challenging when recombination is performed on genomes encoded as trees, as crossover events tend to greatly alter the original genomes and therefore greatly reduce the chance of the crossover event being beneficial. A number of crossover operators designed for tree-based genetic encodings have been proposed, but most consider crossing genetic components based on their structural similarity. In this work we introduce a tree-based crossover operator that probabilistically crosses branches based on the behavioral similarity between the branches. It is shown that this method outperforms genetic programming without crossover, random crossover, and a deterministic form of the crossover operator in the symbolic regression domain.
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