Abstract: One common approach to active learning is to iteratively train a single classifier by choosing data points based on its uncertainty, but it is nontrivial to design uncertainty measures unbiased by the choice of classifier. Query by committee  suggests that given an ensemble of diverse but accurate classifiers, the most informative data points are those that cause maximal disagreement among the predictions of the ensemble members. However the method for finding ensembles appropriate to a given data set remains an open question. In this paper, the random subspace method is combined with active learning to create multiple instances of different classifier types, and an algorithm is introduced that adapts the ratio of different classifier types in the ensemble towards better overall accuracy. Here we show that the proposed algorithm outperforms C4.5 with uncertainty sampling, Naive Bayes with uncertainty sampling, bagging, boosting and the random subspace method with random sampling. To the best of our knowledge, our work is the first to adapt the ratio of classifiers in a heterogeneous ensemble for active learning.
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Bongard's work focuses on understanding the general nature of cognition, regardless of whether it is found in humans, animals or robots. This unique approach focuses on the role that morphology and evolution plays in cognition. Addressing these questions has taken him into the fields of biology, psychology, engineering and computer science.
Danforth is an applied mathematician interested in modeling a variety of physical, biological, and social phenomenon. He has applied principles of chaos theory to improve weather forecasts as a member of the Mathematics and Climate Research Network, and developed a real-time remote sensor of global happiness using messages from Twitter: the Hedonometer. Danforth co-runs the Computational Story Lab with Peter Dodds, and helps run UVM's reading group on complexity.
Laurent studies the interaction of structure and dynamics. His research involves network theory, statistical physics and nonlinear dynamics along with their applications in epidemiology, ecology, biology, and sociology. Recent projects include comparing complex networks of different nature, the coevolution of human behavior and infectious diseases, understanding the role of forest shape in determining stability of tropical forests, as well as the impact of echo chambers in political discussions.
Hines' work broadly focuses on finding ways to make electric energy more reliable, more affordable, with less environmental impact. Particular topics of interest include understanding the mechanisms by which small problems in the power grid become large blackouts, identifying and mitigating the stresses caused by large amounts of electric vehicle charging, and quantifying the impact of high penetrations of wind/solar on electricity systems.
Bagrow's interests include: Complex Networks (community detection, social modeling and human dynamics, statistical phenomena, graph similarity and isomorphism), Statistical Physics (non-equilibrium methods, phase transitions, percolation, interacting particle systems, spin glasses), and Optimization(glassy techniques such as simulated/quantum annealing, (non-gradient) minimization of noisy objective functions).