Abstract: In this paper we derive an updating scheme for calculating some important network statistics such as degree, clustering coefficient, etc., aiming at reduce the amount of computation needed to track the evolving behavior of large networks; and more importantly, to provide efficient methods for potential use of modeling the evolution of networks. Using the updating scheme, the network statistics can be computed and updated easily and much faster than re-calculating each time for large evolving networks. The update formula can also be used to determine which edge/node will lead to the extremal change of network statistics, providing a way of predicting or designing evolution rule of networks.
Abstract: We propose a method for characterizing large complex networks by introducing a new matrix structure, unique for a given network, which encodes structural information; provides useful visualization, even for very large networks; and allows for rigorous statistical comparison between networks. Dynamic processes such as percolation can be visualized using animations. Applications to graph theory are discussed, as are generalizations to weighted networks, real-world network similarity testing, and applicability to the graph isomorphism problem.