Abstract: Featured is a method for assessing risk of a patient condition. Such a method includes providing criteria that relate predetermined parameters to each other, inputting observations into given criterion and relating observations of one or more acquired parameters, and converging the given criterion so as to provide an output representative of a patient condition. Such a method further includes translating the output into a visual form such as displaying the output on a display device.
Abstract: In terms of its soluble precursors, the coagulation proteome varies quantitatively among apparently healthy individuals. The significance of this variability remains obscure, in part because it is the backdrop against which the hemostatic consequences of more dramatic composition differences are studied. In this study we have defined the consequences of normal range variation of components of the coagulation proteome by using a mechanism-based computational approach that translates coagulation factor concentration data into a representation of an individual's thrombin generation potential. A novel graphical method is used to integrate standard measures that characterize thrombin generation in both empirical and computational models (e.g max rate, max level, total thrombin, time to 2 nM thrombin ('clot time')) to visualize how normal range variation in coagulation factors results in unique thrombin generation phenotypes. Unique ensembles of the 8 coagulation factors encompassing the limits of normal range variation were used as initial conditions for the computational modeling, each ensemble representing 'an individual' in a theoretical healthy population. These 'individuals' with unremarkable proteome composition was then compared to actual normal and 'abnormal' individuals, i.e. factor ensembles measured in apparently healthy individuals, actual coagulopathic individuals or artificially constructed factor ensembles representing individuals with specific factor deficiencies. A sensitivity analysis was performed to rank either individual factors or all possible pairs of factors in terms of their contribution to the overall distribution of thrombin generation phenotypes. Key findings of these analyses include: normal range variation of coagulation factors yields thrombin generation phenotypes indistinguishable from individuals with some, but not all, coagulopathies examined; coordinate variation of certain pairs of factors within their normal ranges disproportionately results in extreme thrombin generation phenotypes, implying that measurement of a smaller set of factors may be sufficient to identify individuals with aberrant thrombin generation potential despite normal coagulation proteome composition.
Abstract: Deterministic mathematical models of biochemical processes operate as if the empirically derived rate constants governing the dynamics are known with certainty. Our objective in this study was to explore the sensitivity of a deterministic model of blood coagulation to variations in the values of its 44 rate constants. This was accomplished for each rate constant at a given time by defining a normalized ensemble standard deviation that accounted for the sensitivity of the predicted concentration of each protein species to variation in that rate constant (from 10 to 1000% of the accepted value). A mean coefficient of variation derived from the normalized ensemble standard deviation values for all protein species was defined to quantify the overall variation introduced into the model's predictive capacity at that time by the assumed uncertainty in that rate constant. A time-average value of the coefficient of variation over the 20-min simulation for each rate constant was then used to rank rate constants. The model's predictive capacity is particularly sensitive (50% of the aggregate variation) to uncertainty in five rate constants involved in the regulation of the formation and function of the factor VIIa–tissue factor complex. Therefore, our analysis has identified specific rate constants to which the predictive capability of this model is most sensitive and thus where improvements in measurement accuracy will yield the greatest increase in predictive capability.